Tuesday, July 10, 2012

Ancient Lake mystery of Borobudur temple Indonesia

Two titles are now attached to the temple of Borobudur, a UNESCO World Heritage and the Guinness World Records as the largest Buddhist temple archaeological sites in the world.

Regardless of the grandeur and beauty of Borobudur, complete with a full relief in the Buddhist story, a mystery still surrounds this temple.

In 1814, the services of the Governor-General of the United Kingdom, Thomas Stamford Rafffles, temples for centuries buried under a mound of earth, into the likeness of the hill full of shrubs and trees, beginning to get the attention of the colonial government. Raffles also was the first to write the name "Borobudur" in his book, History of Java. Obscure the origin of the name.

Borobudur was recognized by the mysterious Director of Temple Park (TWC) Borobudur Prambanan Ratu Boko (Limited), Purnomo Siswoprasetjo.

One of them, how to Borobudur was built. Where did the stones of the material temple and what technology is used to lift and arrange them with precision and amazing architectural designs.

"Is that rock from Mount Merapi, how to take hold of Merapi to the location of the temple is still a mystery," said Purnomo told VIVAnews, Thursday, July 5, 2012.

Not only the origin of the stone, in which Borobudur makers carve and sculpt the stone is still unknown. Archaeologists are still looking for where the artists workshop. "Carving and sculpting stone so large in size and number of lots, where it is not known," he explained.

Unusual location of Borobudur, located on a hill, surrounded by two pairs of twin mountains - Sindoro-cleft and Merbabu-Merapi, while another temple was built on flat ground is also a puzzle that remains unanswered.

In 1931, artist and expert on Hindu Buddhist architecture, WOJ Nieuwenkamp, ​​proposed the theory that the Mainland Kedu - the location of Java Borobudur according to legend, was once an ancient lake. Borobudur was built symbolize the lotus flower floating on the surface of the lake. This is a hypothesis that a heated debate among the scientists at that time.

Van Bemmelen in his book "The Geology of Indonesia" states that the eruption of the Merapi piroklastika year 1006 has been covered lakes are dry and the Borobudur temple was once covered up to disappear from history.

Geological fact also gives support to that opinion. "Around the temple there is the well where the water is salty. But that is not salty wells in all areas, just at a certain point, "said Purnomo matter of conjecture Borobudur was built in the middle of an ancient lake.

He added that an interesting question, too many foreign scientists to come, to do research. "A lot of experts from abroad such as from Japan who came to the temple of Borobudur specifically to examine the ancient lake. They usually stay for one week to two weeks, "he said.

One way to unravel the mysteries of the ancient lake by observing the rivers around Borobudur, including Progo and Elo. Also on the people living around the temple.